# Support your local statistician!

## Seek out methodological and statistical consultation

**seek out their services in the preliminary phases of planning your study**. Here is a list of things that I do for residents, fellows, faculty, physicians, pharmacists, nurses, and staff at an academic regional medical campus:

1.

**- I conduct sample size calculations for at least of**

__Sample Size__**80-85% of my first-time clients**. They often want to know how many people they need to reach a significant

*p*-value. We work through the process of acquiring an evidence-based measure of effect that reflects what their research question is trying to answer.

It feels

**good**knowing that you have a good chance of detecting significance with a small sample size. Also, it is good to find out that you have to collect

**A LOT**more observations than you thought you would. Post hoc power analyses should be run for any non-significant main effects that may be considered Type II errors (limited or small sample sizes).

2.

__-__

**Statistical analysis****Real biostatistical scientists and statisticians will conduct your statistical analyses in an objective and expeditious manner to help you answer your research questions.**Please help them

**understand what your research question is and what research design you want to use to answer it to the best of your abilities**. They will be able to help you

**choose the correct statistic**given that you can tell them the

**scale of measurement for your primary outcome**and

**what type of design**(between-subjects, within-subjects, correlational, mixed, or multivariate) you want to use to answer your question. It is also important to know

**WHO or WHAT**you want to include in your sample in terms of

**inclusion and exclusion criteria**. Finally,

**know your content area**. We may not know your knowledge/philosophical base and need to understand the entire picture, as much as you can tell us.

3.

__- Go ahead and__

**Database management****let us build your database in a basic Excel spreadsheet and send an accompanying code book in Word**so that we are all on the same page. It helps us all know what is going on, what variables are being collected, what they mean, how they are measured, and how the analysis will work.

**Share**it with all members of the research team.

**Use the code book**when entering your data.

**Tell the rest of us if you make changes to the code book or database**. These simple tasks and communicative efforts can mean the difference between your statistics being run in

**five minutes**versus

**five weeks**.

**SERIOUSLY**.

4.

**Write-up of findings for publication**- We will give you an

**annotated write-up of your findings with statistical outputs and give you basic and unbiased interpretations of the statistical results of your study**. We can help you

**write up the statistical methods and results sections**of your abstracts and manuscripts. We can even help you d

**esign tables and graphs that will make your study findings more aesthetically and visually appealing**to your audience.

When it comes to

**authorship**, if you feel that your statistical professional's

**contribution**to the design, execution, and interpretation of your study

**warrants authorship**,

**offer it to them**. They will

**greatly**appreciate it! However,

**YOU SHOULD NEVER BE REQUIRED TO GIVE US AUTHORSHIP JUST BECAUSE WE RAN YOUR STATISTICS FOR YOU. IT IS UNETHICAL FOR US TO REQUIRE AUTHORSHIP FOR DOING OUR JOB. THAT IS, IF OUR JOB IS TO RUN STATISTICS IN YOUR EMPIRICAL OR CLINICAL ENVIRONMENT.**