# Dependent variables

## What is being measured in a research study

Dependent variables are what researchers measure for in research studies. Dependent variables are not manipulated by researchers, as with independent variables. Dependent variables are the measurements or outcomes of interest that are being studied . Researchers often hypothesize that as a result of an independent variable (that they are manipulating), a change in the dependent variable (that they are measuring) will occur.

Within applied statistics and research, dependent variables can be measured at a

Categorical dependent variables are used when the outcome of interest is an event or occurrence.

Ordinal dependent variables are often LIkert-type scales used to assess human constructs.

Continuous dependent variables are numerical values associated with outcomes of interest.

The important thing to remember is that dependent variables are what researchers want to measure. The outcome of interest exists, they want to measure for it, and they want to see if independent variables are

Within applied statistics and research, dependent variables can be measured at a

**level, an**__categorical__**level, or at a**__ordinal__**level.**__continuous__Categorical dependent variables are used when the outcome of interest is an event or occurrence.

__are used to answer research questions using categorical dependent variables.__**Non-parametric statistics**Ordinal dependent variables are often LIkert-type scales used to assess human constructs.

__are also used with ordinal dependent variables.__**Non-parametric statistics**Continuous dependent variables are numerical values associated with outcomes of interest.

__are used with continuous dependent variables, given that a certain set of statistical assumptions are met.__**Parametric statistics**The important thing to remember is that dependent variables are what researchers want to measure. The outcome of interest exists, they want to measure for it, and they want to see if independent variables are

**associated**with the dependent variable (**) or potentially**__observational research designs__**cause**it (**).**__experimental research designs__## Hire A Statistician - Statistical Consulting for Professionals

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